A clinical psychologist must have a four-year degree in psychology or something similar, in addition to a doctorate in psychology, which can mean four to eight years of grad school. During their time in higher education, psychologists can choose one or more
ADD or ADHD
One thing an adolescent therapist can help with is counseling for a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. ADHD or ADD can make it difficult for children to focus or sit still in school as well as possibly making them think less clearly for their age and causing low motivation for tasks like homework and chores. With or without medication, a child might benefit from some talk therapy too. There, the child can learn more about the condition as well as ways to cope with it, learning time management skills, ways to motivate oneself, and other healthy thinking.
Other Developmental Disorders
Adolescent children might suffer from other developmental disorders besides ADHD. Examples are Autism Spectrum Disorder (which now includes what used to be called Asperger's Syndrome), stuttering and psychological avoidance of speech, Reactive Attachment Disorder, and Conduct Disorder. Problems in daily functioning caused by any of these disorders can be discussed one-on-one with a child or in the context of family counseling.
Another common reason for seeking an adolescent therapist is family adjustments. A child might benefit from therapy if he or she has lost a family member, is adjusting to the birth of a new sibling, has a new step-parent, lives with a single parent, or lives in foster care. Any of these situations can be difficult for children and can lead to behavior problems. The counselor will evaluate and address these issues and help the child learn to cope.
Cancer and Childhood Disease
Though it is statistically rare, children can have serious diseases that limit their life expectancy. One example is cancer. Children who have a shorter life expectancy may become depressed, angry, frightened, or exhibit behavior problems. For example, a very depressed child might stop eating. The treatment for the diseases, of course, is up to those in the medical field, but a psychologist can help with emotional and behavioral issues. There are therapists specialized to help those with terminal diseases and/or cancer. Having the help of a therapist might be a huge blessing for families that simply don't know what to do. To learn more, speak with a business like Center For Family Guidance.